Carolyn Kennedy's blog

Extra Credit 2: Developing Therapies for COVID-19: Understanding the Mechanisms of Attack to Inform Treatment

After searching for an online recorded discussion related to coronavirus, I was drawn to a YouTube video posted by University of California Television (UCTV) just this past week on May 11, 2020.  In this lecture, UCSF scientists explain their recent research published April 30th, 2020 into how how the SARS-2-CoV-2 virus hijacks our human cells by studying the protein interactions.  From this information, the collaborative group of scientists and others across multiple countries has identified a number of clinical drugs and compounds that could potentially be su

Week 7: Reflection- How COVID-19 Ties Blog Posts Together & Final Outline

In many ways, each of the blog posts I have written over the past seven weeks has explored a new topic: I have researched bacteria and agar art, bread as related to social unrest, rabbits and vaccines, anti-vaccination movements throughout history, and, finally, the projects related to Biosphere 2.  Yet, the underlying context of the current COVID-19 pandemic and resulting social, economic, and political effects have been closely related to each of these ideas.  In each of my posts, I found a connection between the topic at hand and coronavirus.  This thread we

Week 6: Reflecting on Spaceship Earth- What Went Wrong and Where Are They Now?

It is fitting that our assignment this week was to watch Spaceship Earth, the newly released documentary about the experimental Bisosphere 2 in the 1990s.  In addition to taking Honors 177 this quarter, I am also enrolled in an Environment/Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences class about the Earth and its environment.  Last week, our lecture focused on the Earth's biosphere and ecosystems.  While the Earth is almost a closed system, the reservoirs making up the system, such as the biosphere, is not.  Our professor mentioned Biosphere 2 in this lecture as an

Extra Credit: Berkeley Conversations COVID-19: Literature and the Arts in Times of Crisis

Inspired by topics in this class, I was looking to virtually attend or view a talk that discussed the relationship between the current COVID-19 pandemic, online education, and art.  I came across a recording on YouTube by UC Berkeley Events that is part of a series called Berkeley Conversations focused on literature and art during COVID-19.  The discussion was led by Anthony Cascardi, who is the Dean of Arts and Humanities at UC Berkeley, and other faculty members of Art History, Music and English at the University particpated and focused on how art and li

Week 5 Lecture & Discussion Notes: Hygiene and Sanitation Behavior and Coronavirus

In class today, Cydney discussed her extra credit blogs, the second one being based on a talk by Val Curtis in February at the London School of Hygiene.  Cydney writes that "The problem is that Africa and Asia are especially bad, where 24% don’t have basic sanitation or a decent toilet, and 12% of people still defecate in the open. Handwashing is even worse - 19% of people wash their hands with soap when they need to, and only 3% wash hands after toilet in Ghana and Madagascar.

Midterm Proposal: Art of Protest: Anti-vaccination Movements in the History of Immunization- Through Cartoons and Mixed Media in the 19th-21st Centuries

For my Week 3 blog post, I wrote about the year of the rabbit and discussed how rabbits were used by Louis Pasteur to develop his rabies vaccine (1).  I connected this to how rats are widely viewed by humans as having spread disease and furthered epidemics such as the Black Plague (2).  I found that learning about early advances in immunology was relevant to the ongoing context of the course amidst the COVID-19 pandemic and the race to create a successful vaccine and, more importantly, produce, distribute, and administer this vaccine to the world's populati

HOX Zodiac: Rabbits, Rabies, and Rats

I was born in 1999, the year of the Rabbit in the Chinese Zodiac.  While exploring the HOX Zodiac website about rabbits and their connection to scientific research, I learned that rabbits were used by Louis Pasteur to develop his rabies vaccine (HOX Zodiac, “Louis Pasteur and the Development of the Attenuated Vaccine”).  I hadn’t understood the history of immunology and vaccines and reading about Pasteur’s work, especially in the context of COVID-19 and the search for a

Bread, Protest, and COVID-19

In "Collective Bread Diaries:Cultural Identities in an Artificial Intelligence Framework", artist Haytham Nawar focuses the second section of the piece on the subject of "Bread as an act of Protest​​".  Although his introductory assertion that "looking back at the political history of the world, one finds that almost every revolution was  triggered by a piece of bread" might be a bit of a stretch, it is evident that shortages and changes in price for staples such as flour and bread are closely related to social unrest throughout history (Nawar 2019 2)

Notes & Reflection from Week 2 Class Discussion: COVID-19 Death Rate for African Americans in LA, and Testing

One of the first blog topics discussed in class today was how recent studies of COVID-19 cases and deaths have revealed disproportional effects on certain communities in the US, specifically African Americans.  By coincidence, this same issue was discussed in an earlier Zoom meeting I was a part of for my internship with a nonprofit in Downtown LA.  In their Slack channel, someone had shared the following article from the LA Times published yesterday which focuses on newly released statistics from the LA area in particular: 

Embracing the Beauty of "Germs": Bacteria and Art

Perhaps more than ever given the rapid spread of COVID-19 globally, people are vigilant of "germs".  Disinfecting products such as hand sanitizer, antibacterial soap, spray, and wipes are selling quickly off of the shelves; never mind that COVID-19 is a virus and that only certain companies have claimed that their products actually kill the virus, and tests have not been conducted (Buchwald 2020). 

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